An important distinction must be made between a Likert scale and a Likert item.The Likert scale is the sum of responses on several Likert items. Because Likert items are often accompanied by a visual analog scale (e.g., a horizontal line, on which a subject indicates his or her response by circling or checking tick-marks), the items are sometimes called scales themselves.
Plotting Likert and Other Rating Scales Naomi B. Robbins1, Richard M. Heiberger2 1 NBR, 11 Christine Court, Wayne, NJ 07470-6523 2 Temple University, 332 Speakman Hall (006 -12), Philadelphia, PA 19122 6083 Abstract Rating scales such as Likert scales and semantic differential scales are very common in
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ing to people” (Extraversion) on a Wve-point scale ranging from “Strongly disagree” (1) to “Strongly agree” (5). Using the same rating scale, participants also completed a 10-item self-esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and, to establish discriminant validity, the 20-item Just World Scale (Rubin & Paplau, 1973). 2.2. Results
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Background: Likert-type scales are increasingly being used among people with intellectual disability (ID). These scales offer an efficient method for capturing a wide range of variance in self-reported attitudes and behaviours. This review is an attempt to evaluate the reliability and validity of Likert-type scales in people with ID.
The examples shown in this paper, include item responses with a 7-point Likert scale, items responses with a 5-point Likert scale, and items responses with a 4-point Likert scale while other item responses are categorical, e.g. gender, age groups. Common practice to determine factor structure examines items with the same response scale. The